Library of Congress Classification Outline – Class H (i)





Subclass H


H1-99                                    Social sciences (General)


Subclass HA


HA1-4737                               Statistics

HA29-32                                       Theory and method of social science statistics

HA36-37                                       Statistical services.  Statistical bureaus

HA38-39                                       Registration of vital events.  Vital


HA154-4737                                 Statistical data

HA154-155                                         Universal statistics

HA175-473                                         By region or country


Subclass HB


HB1-3840                               Economic theory.  Demography

HB71-74                                       Economics as a science.  Relation to other


HB75-130                                     History of economics.  History of economic


Including special economic schools

HB131-147                                   Methodology

HB135-147                                         Mathematical economics.  Quantitative methods

Including econometrics, input-output

analysis, game theory

HB201-206                                   Value.  Utility

HB221-236                                   Price

HB238-251                                   Competition.  Production.  Wealth

HB501                                          Capital.  Capitalism

HB522-715                                   Income.  Factor shares

HB535-551                                         Interest

HB601                                                Profit

HB615-715                                         Entrepreneurship.  Risk and uncertainty.


HB801-843                                   Consumption.  Demand

HB846-846.8                                Welfare theory

HB848-3697                                  Demography.  Population.  Vital events

HB3711-3840                                Business cycles.  Economic fluctuations


Subclass HC


HC10-1085                             Economic history and conditions

HC79                                           Special topics


Including air pollution, automation,

consumer demand, famines, flow of funds,


HC92                                           Economic geography of the oceans (General)

HC94-1085                                   By region or country


Subclass HD


HD28-9999                             Industries.  Land use.  Labor

HD28-70                                       Management.  Industrial management

HD39-40.7                                          Capital.  Capital investments

HD41                                                 Competition

HD45-45.2                                          Technological innovations.  Automation

HD47-47.4                                          Costs

HD49-49.5                                          Crisis management.  Emergency management.


HD50-50.5                                          Delegation of authority.  Decentralization.

Span of control

HD56-57.5                                          Industrial productivity

HD58                                                 Location of industry

HD58.7-58.95                                     Organizational behavior, change and

effectiveness.  Corporate culture

HD59-59.6                                          Public relations.  Industrial publicity

HD60-60.5                                          Social responsibility of business

HD61                                                 Risk in industry.  Risk management

HD62                                                 Standardization.  Simplification.  Waste

HD62.2-62.8                                       Management of special enterprises

HD66-66.2                                          Work groups.  Team work in industry.

Quality circles

HD69                                                 Other

Including business consultants,

capacity, size of industries, etc.

HD72-88                                       Economic growth, development, planning

HD101-1395.5                              Land use

Land tenure

HD1286-1289                                            Communal ownership

HD1290-1291                                            Municipal ownership

HD1301-1313                                            Nationalization (Agrarian socialism)

HD1326-1329                                            Large holdings

HD1330-1331                                            Landlord and peasant

HD1332-1333.5                                         Land reform.  Agrarian reform

HD1334-1335                                            Consolidation of land holdings

HD1336-1339                                            Small holdings.  Peasant proprietors.


HD1361-1395.5                                   Real estate business

HD1401-2210                                Agriculture

HD1428-1431                                      International cooperation

HD1470-1476                                      Size of farms

HD1478                                              Sharecropping

HD1483-1486                                      Agricultural associations, societies, etc.

HD1491-1491.5                                   Cooperative agriculture


HD1492-1492.5                                   Collective farms

HD1493-1493.5                                   Government owned and operated farms.  State

farms.  Sovkhozes

HD1501-1542                                      Agricultural classes

Including farm tenancy, agricultural


HD1549                                              Gleaning

HD1580                                              Reclamation of agricultural land.  Melioration

HD1635-1702                                      Utilization and culture of special classes of


Including pasture lands, water resources


HD1711-1741                                      Irrigation

HD2321-4730.9                             Industry

HD2329                                              Industrialization

HD2330                                              Rural industries

HD2331-2336                                      Home labor.  Home-based businesses

HD2337-2339                                      Sweatshops

HD2340.8-2346.5                                Small and medium-sized businesses, artisans,

handicrafts, trades

HD2350.8-2356                             Large industry.  Factory system.  Big business

HD2365-2385                                      Contracting.  Letting of contracts

HD2421-2429                                      Trade associations

HD2709-2930.7                                   Corporations

Including international business enter-

prises, diversification, industrial

concentration, public utilities

HD2951-3575                                      Cooperation.  Cooperative societies

HD3611-4730.9                                   Industrial policy.  The state and industrial


Including licensing of occupations and

professions, subsidies, inspection,

government ownership, municipal


HD4801-8943                                Labor.  Work.  Working class

HD4861-4895                                      Labor systems

HD4909-5100.9                                   Wages

HD5106-5267                                      Hours of labor

Including overtime, shift work, sick

leave, vacations

HD5306-5474                                      Labor disputes.  Strikes and lockouts

HD5481-5630.7                                   Industrial arbitration.  Mediation  and


HD5650-5660                                      Employee participation in management.

Employee ownership.  Industrial democracy.

Works councils

HD5701-6000.9                                   Labor market.  Labor supply.  Labor demand

Including unemployment, manpower policy,

occupational training, employment


HD6050-6305                                      Classes of labor


Including women, children, students,

middle-aged and older persons,


HD6350-6940.7                                   Trade unions.  Labor unions.  Workers’


HD6941-6948                                      Employers’ associations

HD6951-6957                                      Industrial sociology.  Social conditions of


HD6958.5-6976                                   Industrial relations

HD6977-7080                                      Cost and standard of living

HD7088-7252                                      Social insurance.  Social security.  Pension

HD7255-7256                                      Vocational rehabilitation.  Employment of

people with disabilities

HD7260-7780.8                                   Industrial hygiene. Industrial welfare

HD7795-8027                                      Labor policy.  Labor and the state

HD8031                                              Labor in politics.  Political activity of the

working class

HD8038                                              Professions (General).  Professional employees

HD8039                                              By industry or trade

HD8045-8943                                      By region or country

HD9000-9999                                Special industries and trades

HD9000-9495                                      Agricultural industries

HD9502-9502.5                                   Energy industries.  Energy policy.  Fuel trade

HD9506-9624                                      Mineral industries.  Metal trade

HD9650-9663                                      Chemical industries

HD9665-9675                                      Pharmaceutical industry

HD9680-9714                                      Mechanical industries

Including electric utilities, electronic

industries, and machinery

HD9715-9717.5                                   Construction industry

HD9720-9975                                      Manufacturing industries

HD9999                                              Miscellaneous industries and trades


Subclass HE


HE1-9990                               Transportation and communications

HE199-199.5                                Freight (General)

HE199.9                                       Passenger traffic (General)

HE305-311                                   Urban transportation

HE323-328                                   Transportation geography.  Trade routes

HE331-380                                   Traffic engineering.  Roads and highways.


HE369-373                                         Traffic surveys (General)

HE374-377                                         Bridges

HE379-380                                         Tunnels.  Vehicular tunnels

HE380.8-971                                Water transportation

HE380.8-560                                      Waterways

HE561-971                                         Shipping

HE730-943                                               Merchant marine.  Ocean shipping.  Coastwise


HE1001-5600                                Railroads.  Rapid transit systems


HE5601-5725                                Automotive transportation

Including trucking, bus lines, and

taxicab service

HE5746-5749                                Stage lines

HE5751-5870                                Ferries

HE5880-5990                                Express service

HE6000-7500                                Postal service.  Stamps.  Philately

HE7511-7549                                Pneumatic service

HE7601-8700.9                             Telecommunication industry.  Telegraph

HE8660-8688                                      Wireless telegraph.  Radiotelegraphy

HE8689-8700.95                                 Radio and television broadcasting

HE8701-9680.7                             Telephone industry

HE9713-9715                                Cellular telephone services industry.  Wireless

telephone industry

HE9719-9721                                Artificial satellite telecommunications

HE9723-9737                                Signaling

HE9751-9756                                Messenger service

HE9761-9900                                Air transportation.  Airlines


Subclass HF


HF1-6182                               Commerce

HF294-343                                   Boards of trade.  Chambers of commerce.

Merchants’ associations

HF1014                                        Balance of trade

HF1021-1027                                Commercial geography.  Economic geography

HF1040-1054                                Commodities.  Commercial products

HF1701-2701                                Tariff.  Free trade.  Protectionism

HF3000-4055                                By region or country

HF5001-6182                                Business

HF5381-5386                                      Vocational guidance.  Career development

HF5387-5387.5                                   Business ethics

HF5410-5417.5                                   Marketing.  Distribution of products

HF5419-5422                                      Wholesale trade

HF5428-5429.6                                   Retail trade

HF5429.7-5430.6                                Shopping centers.  Shopping malls

HF5437-5444                                      Purchasing.  Selling.  Sales personnel.  Sales


HF5446-5459                                      Canvassing.  Peddling

HF5460-5469.5                                   Department stores.  Mail order business.

Supermarkets.  Convenience stores

HF5469.7-5481                                  Markets.  Fairs

HF5482-5482.4                                   Secondhand trade

HF5482.6-5482.65                              Black market

HF5484-5495                                      Warehouses.  Storage

HF5520-5541                                      Office equipment and supplies

HF5546-5548.6                                   Office management

HF5548.7-5548.85                              Industrial psychology

HF5549-5549.5                                   Personnel management.  Employment


HF5601-5689                                      Accounting.  Bookkeeping


HF5691-5716                                      Business mathematics.  Commercial arithmetic

Including tables, etc.

HF5717-5734.7                                   Business communication

Including business report writing,

business correspondence

HF5735-5746                                      Business records management

HF5761-5780                                      Shipment of goods.  Delivery of goods

HF5801-6182                                      Advertising


Subclass HG


HG1-9999                               Finance

HG178                                         Liquidity

HG179                                         Personal finance

HG201-1496                                 Money

HG258-312                                         Precious metals.  Bullion

HG315                                               Small coins

HG321-329                                         Mints.  Assaying

HG335-339                                         Counterfeiting

HG348-353.5                                      Paper money

HG361-363                                         Legal tender

HG381-395                                         International coinage

HG401-421                                         Bimetallism

HG451-1496                                       By region or country

HG1501-3550                               Banking

HG1621-1638                                     Interest rates.  Interest tables

HG1641-1643                                     Bank loans.  Bank credit.  Commercial loans

HG1651-1654                                     Discount

HG1655                                              Acceptances

HG1656                                              Bank reserves.  Bank liquidity.  Loan loss


HG1660                                              Bank accounts.  Bank deposits.  Deposit


HG1662                                              Insurance of deposits.  Deposit insurance

HG1685-1704                                     Drafts.  Checks

HG1706-1708                                     Accounting.  Bookkeeping

HG1709                                              Data processing

HG1710-1710.5                                  Electronic funds transfers

HG1722                                              Bank mergers

HG1723                                              Bank stocks.  Banking as an investment

HG1725-1778                                     Banks and the state.  State supervision of


HG1811-2351                                     Special classes of banks and financial


HG2397-3550                                     By region or country

HG3691-3769                               Credit.  Debt.  Loans

Including credit institutions, credit

instruments, consumer credit, bank-


HG3810-4000                               Foreign exchange.  International finance.

International monetary system


HG4001-4285                               Finance management.  Business finance.

Corporation finance

HG4301-4480.9                            Trust services.  Trust companies

HG4501-6051                               Investment, capital formation, speculation

HG4530                                              Investment companies.  Investment trusts.

Mutual funds

HG4538                                              Foreign investments

HG4551-4598                                     Stock exchanges

HG4621                                              Stockbrokers.  Security dealers.  Investment


HG4701-4751                                     Government securities.  Industrial securities.

Venture capital

HG4900-5993                                     By region or country

HG6001-6051                                     Speculation

HG6105-6270.9                            Lotteries

HG8011-9999                               Insurance

HG8053.5-8054.45                              Insurance for professions.  Malpractice

insurance.  Professional liability insurance

HG8059                                              Business insurance

HG8075-8107                                     Insurance business.  Insurance management

HG8111-8123                                     Government policy.  State supervision

HG8205-8220                                     Government insurance

HG8501-8745                                     By region or country

HG8751-9295                                     Life insurance

HG8779-8793                                           Actuarial science.  Statistical theory and

methodology applied to insurance

HG8799-8830                                           By class insured, by risk, by plan

HG8835-8899                                           Life insurance business.  Management

HG8901-8914                                           Government policy.  State supervision

HG8941-9200.5                                        By region or country

HG9201-9245                                           Mutual life insurance.  Assessment life

insurance.  Fraternal life insurance

HG9251-9262                                           Industrial life insurance

HG9271                                                    Child insurance.  Life insurance for


HG9291-9295                                     Maternity insurance

HG9301-9343                                     Accident insurance

HG9371-9399                                     Health insurance

HG9651-9899                                     Fire insurance

HG9956-9969                                     Casualty insurance

HG9969.5-9999                                  Other insurance

Including automobile, burglary, credit,

disaster, title insurance


Subclass HJ


HJ9-9940                               Public finance

HJ9-99.8                                      Periodicals.  Serials.  By region or country

HJ210-240                                    History

HJ241-1620                                  By region or country

HJ2005-2216                 Income and expenditure.  Budget

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