Library of Congress Classification Outline – Class H (i)



Subclass H


H1-99 Social sciences (General)


Subclass HA


HA1-4737 Statistics

HA29-32 Theory and method of social science statistics

HA36-37 Statistical services. Statistical bureaus

HA38-39 Registration of vital events. Vital


HA154-4737 Statistical data

HA154-155 Universal statistics

HA175-473 By region or country


Subclass HB


HB1-3840 Economic theory. Demography

HB71-74 Economics as a science. Relation to other


HB75-130 History of economics. History of economic


Including special economic schools

HB131-147 Methodology

HB135-147 Mathematical economics. Quantitative methods

Including econometrics, input-output

analysis, game theory

HB201-206 Value. Utility

HB221-236 Price

HB238-251 Competition. Production. Wealth

HB501 Capital. Capitalism

HB522-715 Income. Factor shares

HB535-551 Interest

HB601 Profit

HB615-715 Entrepreneurship. Risk and uncertainty.


HB801-843 Consumption. Demand

HB846-846.8 Welfare theory

HB848-3697 Demography. Population. Vital events

HB3711-3840 Business cycles. Economic fluctuations


Subclass HC


HC10-1085 Economic history and conditions

HC79 Special topics


Including air pollution, automation,

consumer demand, famines, flow of funds,


HC92 Economic geography of the oceans (General)

HC94-1085 By region or country


Subclass HD


HD28-9999 Industries. Land use. Labor

HD28-70 Management. Industrial management

HD39-40.7 Capital. Capital investments

HD41 Competition

HD45-45.2 Technological innovations. Automation

HD47-47.4 Costs

HD49-49.5 Crisis management. Emergency management.


HD50-50.5 Delegation of authority. Decentralization.

Span of control

HD56-57.5 Industrial productivity

HD58 Location of industry

HD58.7-58.95 Organizational behavior, change and

effectiveness. Corporate culture

HD59-59.6 Public relations. Industrial publicity

HD60-60.5 Social responsibility of business

HD61 Risk in industry. Risk management

HD62 Standardization. Simplification. Waste

HD62.2-62.8 Management of special enterprises

HD66-66.2 Work groups. Team work in industry.

Quality circles

HD69 Other

Including business consultants,

capacity, size of industries, etc.

HD72-88 Economic growth, development, planning

HD101-1395.5 Land use

Land tenure

HD1286-1289 Communal ownership

HD1290-1291 Municipal ownership

HD1301-1313 Nationalization (Agrarian socialism)

HD1326-1329 Large holdings

HD1330-1331 Landlord and peasant

HD1332-1333.5 Land reform. Agrarian reform

HD1334-1335 Consolidation of land holdings

HD1336-1339 Small holdings. Peasant proprietors.


HD1361-1395.5 Real estate business

HD1401-2210 Agriculture

HD1428-1431 International cooperation

HD1470-1476 Size of farms

HD1478 Sharecropping

HD1483-1486 Agricultural associations, societies, etc.

HD1491-1491.5 Cooperative agriculture


HD1492-1492.5 Collective farms

HD1493-1493.5 Government owned and operated farms. State

farms. Sovkhozes

HD1501-1542 Agricultural classes

Including farm tenancy, agricultural


HD1549 Gleaning

HD1580 Reclamation of agricultural land. Melioration

HD1635-1702 Utilization and culture of special classes of


Including pasture lands, water resources


HD1711-1741 Irrigation

HD2321-4730.9 Industry

HD2329 Industrialization

HD2330 Rural industries

HD2331-2336 Home labor. Home-based businesses

HD2337-2339 Sweatshops

HD2340.8-2346.5 Small and medium-sized businesses, artisans,

handicrafts, trades

HD2350.8-2356 Large industry. Factory system. Big business

HD2365-2385 Contracting. Letting of contracts

HD2421-2429 Trade associations

HD2709-2930.7 Corporations

Including international business enter-

prises, diversification, industrial

concentration, public utilities

HD2951-3575 Cooperation. Cooperative societies

HD3611-4730.9 Industrial policy. The state and industrial


Including licensing of occupations and

professions, subsidies, inspection,

government ownership, municipal


HD4801-8943 Labor. Work. Working class

HD4861-4895 Labor systems

HD4909-5100.9 Wages

HD5106-5267 Hours of labor

Including overtime, shift work, sick

leave, vacations

HD5306-5474 Labor disputes. Strikes and lockouts

HD5481-5630.7 Industrial arbitration. Mediation and


HD5650-5660 Employee participation in management.

Employee ownership. Industrial democracy.

Works councils

HD5701-6000.9 Labor market. Labor supply. Labor demand

Including unemployment, manpower policy,

occupational training, employment


HD6050-6305 Classes of labor


Including women, children, students,

middle-aged and older persons,


HD6350-6940.7 Trade unions. Labor unions. Workers’


HD6941-6948 Employers’ associations

HD6951-6957 Industrial sociology. Social conditions of


HD6958.5-6976 Industrial relations

HD6977-7080 Cost and standard of living

HD7088-7252 Social insurance. Social security. Pension

HD7255-7256 Vocational rehabilitation. Employment of

people with disabilities

HD7260-7780.8 Industrial hygiene. Industrial welfare

HD7795-8027 Labor policy. Labor and the state

HD8031 Labor in politics. Political activity of the

working class

HD8038 Professions (General). Professional employees

HD8039 By industry or trade

HD8045-8943 By region or country

HD9000-9999 Special industries and trades

HD9000-9495 Agricultural industries

HD9502-9502.5 Energy industries. Energy policy. Fuel trade

HD9506-9624 Mineral industries. Metal trade

HD9650-9663 Chemical industries

HD9665-9675 Pharmaceutical industry

HD9680-9714 Mechanical industries

Including electric utilities, electronic

industries, and machinery

HD9715-9717.5 Construction industry

HD9720-9975 Manufacturing industries

HD9999 Miscellaneous industries and trades


Subclass HE


HE1-9990 Transportation and communications

HE199-199.5 Freight (General)

HE199.9 Passenger traffic (General)

HE305-311 Urban transportation

HE323-328 Transportation geography. Trade routes

HE331-380 Traffic engineering. Roads and highways.


HE369-373 Traffic surveys (General)

HE374-377 Bridges

HE379-380 Tunnels. Vehicular tunnels

HE380.8-971 Water transportation

HE380.8-560 Waterways

HE561-971 Shipping

HE730-943 Merchant marine. Ocean shipping. Coastwise


HE1001-5600 Railroads. Rapid transit systems


HE5601-5725 Automotive transportation

Including trucking, bus lines, and

taxicab service

HE5746-5749 Stage lines

HE5751-5870 Ferries

HE5880-5990 Express service

HE6000-7500 Postal service. Stamps. Philately

HE7511-7549 Pneumatic service

HE7601-8700.9 Telecommunication industry. Telegraph

HE8660-8688 Wireless telegraph. Radiotelegraphy

HE8689-8700.95 Radio and television broadcasting

HE8701-9680.7 Telephone industry

HE9713-9715 Cellular telephone services industry. Wireless

telephone industry

HE9719-9721 Artificial satellite telecommunications

HE9723-9737 Signaling

HE9751-9756 Messenger service

HE9761-9900 Air transportation. Airlines


Subclass HF


HF1-6182 Commerce

HF294-343 Boards of trade. Chambers of commerce.

Merchants’ associations

HF1014 Balance of trade

HF1021-1027 Commercial geography. Economic geography

HF1040-1054 Commodities. Commercial products

HF1701-2701 Tariff. Free trade. Protectionism

HF3000-4055 By region or country

HF5001-6182 Business

HF5381-5386 Vocational guidance. Career development

HF5387-5387.5 Business ethics

HF5410-5417.5 Marketing. Distribution of products

HF5419-5422 Wholesale trade

HF5428-5429.6 Retail trade

HF5429.7-5430.6 Shopping centers. Shopping malls

HF5437-5444 Purchasing. Selling. Sales personnel. Sales


HF5446-5459 Canvassing. Peddling

HF5460-5469.5 Department stores. Mail order business.

Supermarkets. Convenience stores

HF5469.7-5481 Markets. Fairs

HF5482-5482.4 Secondhand trade

HF5482.6-5482.65 Black market

HF5484-5495 Warehouses. Storage

HF5520-5541 Office equipment and supplies

HF5546-5548.6 Office management

HF5548.7-5548.85 Industrial psychology

HF5549-5549.5 Personnel management. Employment


HF5601-5689 Accounting. Bookkeeping


HF5691-5716 Business mathematics. Commercial arithmetic

Including tables, etc.

HF5717-5734.7 Business communication

Including business report writing,

business correspondence

HF5735-5746 Business records management

HF5761-5780 Shipment of goods. Delivery of goods

HF5801-6182 Advertising


Subclass HG


HG1-9999 Finance

HG178 Liquidity

HG179 Personal finance

HG201-1496 Money

HG258-312 Precious metals. Bullion

HG315 Small coins

HG321-329 Mints. Assaying

HG335-339 Counterfeiting

HG348-353.5 Paper money

HG361-363 Legal tender

HG381-395 International coinage

HG401-421 Bimetallism

HG451-1496 By region or country

HG1501-3550 Banking

HG1621-1638 Interest rates. Interest tables

HG1641-1643 Bank loans. Bank credit. Commercial loans

HG1651-1654 Discount

HG1655 Acceptances

HG1656 Bank reserves. Bank liquidity. Loan loss


HG1660 Bank accounts. Bank deposits. Deposit


HG1662 Insurance of deposits. Deposit insurance

HG1685-1704 Drafts. Checks

HG1706-1708 Accounting. Bookkeeping

HG1709 Data processing

HG1710-1710.5 Electronic funds transfers

HG1722 Bank mergers

HG1723 Bank stocks. Banking as an investment

HG1725-1778 Banks and the state. State supervision of


HG1811-2351 Special classes of banks and financial


HG2397-3550 By region or country

HG3691-3769 Credit. Debt. Loans

Including credit institutions, credit

instruments, consumer credit, bank-


HG3810-4000 Foreign exchange. International finance.

International monetary system


HG4001-4285 Finance management. Business finance.

Corporation finance

HG4301-4480.9 Trust services. Trust companies

HG4501-6051 Investment, capital formation, speculation

HG4530 Investment companies. Investment trusts.

Mutual funds

HG4538 Foreign investments

HG4551-4598 Stock exchanges

HG4621 Stockbrokers. Security dealers. Investment


HG4701-4751 Government securities. Industrial securities.

Venture capital

HG4900-5993 By region or country

HG6001-6051 Speculation

HG6105-6270.9 Lotteries

HG8011-9999 Insurance

HG8053.5-8054.45 Insurance for professions. Malpractice

insurance. Professional liability insurance

HG8059 Business insurance

HG8075-8107 Insurance business. Insurance management

HG8111-8123 Government policy. State supervision

HG8205-8220 Government insurance

HG8501-8745 By region or country

HG8751-9295 Life insurance

HG8779-8793 Actuarial science. Statistical theory and

methodology applied to insurance

HG8799-8830 By class insured, by risk, by plan

HG8835-8899 Life insurance business. Management

HG8901-8914 Government policy. State supervision

HG8941-9200.5 By region or country

HG9201-9245 Mutual life insurance. Assessment life

insurance. Fraternal life insurance

HG9251-9262 Industrial life insurance

HG9271 Child insurance. Life insurance for


HG9291-9295 Maternity insurance

HG9301-9343 Accident insurance

HG9371-9399 Health insurance

HG9651-9899 Fire insurance

HG9956-9969 Casualty insurance

HG9969.5-9999 Other insurance

Including automobile, burglary, credit,

disaster, title insurance


Subclass HJ


HJ9-9940 Public finance

HJ9-99.8 Periodicals. Serials. By region or country

HJ210-240 History

HJ241-1620 By region or country

HJ2005-2216 Income and expenditure. Budget