Library of Congress Classification Outline – Class J



Subclass J


J(1)‑981 General legislative and executive papers

J(1)‑(9) Gazettes

The Library of Congress now classes this

material in K

J80‑87 United States

J80‑82 Presidents’ messages and other executive


J100‑981 Other regions and countries


Subclass JA


JA1‑92 Political science (General)

JA1‑26 Periodicals

JA27‑34 Societies

JA35.5 Congresses

JA60‑64 Dictionaries and encyclopedias

JA71‑80 Theory. Relations to other subjects

JA81‑84 History

JA86‑88 Study and teaching. Research

JA92 Collective biography of political scientists


Subclass JC


JC11‑605 Political theory. The state. Theories of the state

JC47 Oriental state

JC49 Islamic state

JC51‑93 Ancient state

JC109‑121 Medieval state

JC131‑273 Modern state

JC177‑178 Thomas Paine

JC311‑314 Nationalism. Nation state

JC319‑323 Political geography

JC327 Sovereignty

JC328.2 Consensus. Consent of the governed

JC328.6‑.65 Violence. Political violence

JC329 Patriotism

JC345‑347 Symbolism

JC348‑497 Forms of the state

JC571‑605 Purpose, functions, and relations of the state


Subclass JF


JF20‑2112 Political institutions and public administration


JF20‑1177 General. Comparative government

JF51‑56 General works. History

JF225‑619 Organs and functions of government

JF251‑289 Executive. Heads of state

JF331‑341 Parliamentary government

JF491‑619 Legislation. Legislative process. Law‑making

JF799‑1177 Political rights. Political participation

JF1338‑2112 Public administration

JF1501‑1521 Civil service

JF2011‑2112 Political parties


Subclass JJ


JJ1000‑1019 Political institutions and public administration

(North America)


Subclass JK


JK1‑9993 Political institutions and public administration

(United States)

JK1‑9593 United States

JK404‑1685 Government. Public administration

JK501‑868 Executive branch

JK631‑868 Civil Service. Departments and agencies

JK1012‑1432 Congress. Legislative branch

JK1154‑1276 Senate

JK1308‑1432 House of Representatives

JK1606‑1683 Capital. Public buildings. Government

property. Government purchasing

JK1717‑2217 Political rights. Practical politics

JK1758‑1761 Citizenship

JK1846‑1929 Suffrage

JK1965‑2217 Electoral system

JK2255‑2391 Political parties

JK2403‑9593 State government

JK9663‑9993 Confederate States of America


Subclass JL


JL1‑3899 Political institutions and public administration

(Canada, Latin America, etc.)

JL1‑500 Canada

JL599.5‑839 West Indies. Caribbean Area

JL1200‑1299 Mexico

JL1400‑1679 Central America

JL1850‑3899 South America


Subclass JN


JN1‑9689 Political institutions and public administration (Europe)


JN1‑97 General

JN101‑1371 Great Britain

JN1187‑1371 Scotland

JN1395‑1571.5 Ireland

JN1601‑2191 Austria‑Hungary. Austria. Hungary

JN2210‑2229 Czech Republic. Czechoslovakia

JN2240 Slovakia

JN2301‑3007 France

JN3201‑4944 Germany

JN5001‑5191 Greece

JN5201‑5690 Italy

JN5701‑5999 Netherlands

JN6101‑6371 Belgium

JN6500‑6598 Soviet Union. Russia. Former Soviet Republics

JN6615 Estonia

JN6630‑6639 Ukraine

JN6640‑6649 Belarus

JN6680‑6689 Moldova

JN6690‑6699 Russia (Federation)

JN6730‑6739 Latvia

JN6745 Lithuania

JN6750‑6769 Poland

JN7011‑7066 Scandinavia. Northern Europe

JN7101‑7367 Denmark

JN7370‑7379 Greenland

JN7380‑7389 Iceland

JN7390‑7399 Finland

JN7401‑7695 Norway

JN7721‑7995 Sweden

JN8101‑8399 Spain

JN8423‑8661 Portugal

JN8701‑9599 Switzerland

JN9600‑9689 Balkan States


Subclass JQ


JQ21‑6651 Political institutions and public administration (Asia,

Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.)

JQ21‑1852 Asia

JQ200‑620 India

JQ1070‑1199 Central Asia

Including former republics of the Soviet


JQ1499‑1749 East Asia

Including China, Japan, Korea

JQ1758‑1852 Middle East

Including Turkey, Iran, Israel, Arabian


JQ1850 Arab countries

JQ1852 Islamic countries

JQ1870‑3981 Africa


JQ3981.5‑3986.7 Atlantic Ocean islands

JQ3995‑6651 Australia. New Zealand. Pacific Ocean islands


Subclass JS


JS39‑8500 Local government. Municipal government

JS55‑68 History

JS141‑163 Executive branch. Mayor

JS171 Legislative branch

JS221‑227 Elections. Local elections. Municipal elections

JS241‑271 Local government other than municipal

JS300‑1583 United States

JS1701‑1800 Canada

JS1840‑2058.9 West Indies. Caribbean Area

JS2101‑2143 Mexico

JS2145‑2219 Central America

JS2300‑2778 South America

JS3000‑6949.89 Europe

JS6950‑7520 Asia

JS7510 Arab countries

JS7520 Islamic countries

JS7525‑7819.9 Africa

JS7820‑7827.9 Atlantic Ocean islands

JS7900‑7906.9 Indian Ocean islands

JS8001‑8490.9 Australia. New Zealand. Pacific Ocean islands


Subclass JV


JV1‑9480 Colonies and colonization. Emigration and

immigration. International migration

JV1‑5397 Colonies and colonization

JV1‑9 Periodicals. Serials

JV10‑19 Societies

JV61‑152 History

JV412‑461 Administration

JV500‑5397 Colonizing nations

JV6001‑9480 Emigration and immigration. International


JV6001‑6006 Periodicals. Serials

JV6021‑6033 History

JV6091‑6124 Emigration

JV6201‑6347 Immigration

JV6403‑7127 United States

JV7200‑7539 Canada, Latin America, etc.

JV7590‑8339.7 Europe

JV8490‑8758 Asia

JV8760 Arab countries

JV8762 Islamic countries

JV8790‑9024.5 Africa

JV9029‑9036 Atlantic Ocean islands

JV9040‑9047 Indian Ocean islands


JV9100‑9269 Australia. New Zealand

JV9290‑9470 Pacific Ocean islands


Subclass JX (obsolete)


JX(1)‑(6650) International law, see JZ and KZ

JX(63)‑(191) Collections. Documents. Cases

JX(220)‑(1195) Collections, cases, etc. By country

JX(1261)‑(1283) Codification of international law

JX(1305)‑(1598) Foreign relations

JX(1621)‑(1896) Diplomacy

JX(1901)‑(1995) International arbitration, organization, etc.

JX(2001)‑(6650) International law


Subclass JZ


JZ5‑6530 International relations

JZ5.5‑18 Periodicals

JZ24‑38 Societies, associations, academies, institutes, etc.,

for the study of international relations

JZ63‑1153 Sources

JZ221‑1153 By region or country

JZ1249‑1254 Relation to other disciplines and topics

JZ1305‑2060 Scope of international relations. Political theory.


JZ1329.5‑1395 By period

JZ1400‑1454 Diplomatic and consular service

JZ1464‑2060 Scope of international relations with regard to

countries, territories, regions, etc.

JZ3674‑3875 State territory and its parts

JZ3685 Boundaries

JZ3686‑3875 International waters

JZ4835‑5490 International organizations and associations

JZ4841‑4848 Political non‑governmental organizations.


JZ4850‑5490 Intergovernmental organizations. IGOs

JZ4853‑4934 League of Nations

JZ4935‑5160 United Nations

JZ5511.2‑6300 Promotion of peace. Peaceful change

JZ5514‑5526 Societies, associations, academies, institutes, etc.,

for peace promotion, research and education

JZ5527‑5532 Congresses and conferences

JZ5587‑6009 International security. Disarmament. Global survival

JZ6010‑6060 Pacific settlement of international disputes

JZ6360‑6377 Non‑military coercion

JZ6385‑6405 The armed conflict. War and order

JZ6422‑6422.5 Neutrality. Non‑participation in wars. Norms of


JZ6530 Humanitarian aspects of war