Library of Congress Classification Outline – Class P (i)

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSIFICATION OUTLINE

CLASS P – LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

Subclass P

 

P1‑1091 Philology. Linguistics

P1‑85 General

P87‑96 Communication. Mass media

P94.7 Interpersonal communication

P95‑95.6 Oral communication. Speech

P98‑98.5 Computational linguistics. Natural language processing

P99‑99.4 Semiotics. Signs and symbols

P99.5‑99.6 Nonverbal communication

P101‑410 Language. Linguistic theory. Comparative grammar

P118‑118.75 Language acquisition

P121‑149 Science of language (Linguistics)

P201‑299 Comparative grammar

P301‑301.5 Style. Composition. Rhetoric

P302‑302.87 Discourse analysis

P306‑310 Translating and interpreting

P321‑324.5 Etymology

P325‑325.5 Semantics

P326‑326.5 Lexicology

P327‑327.5 Lexicography

P375‑381 Linguistic geography

P501‑769 Indo‑European (Indo‑Germanic) philology

P901‑1091 Extinct ancient or medieval languages

 

Subclass PA

 

PA1‑199 Classical philology

PA201‑899 Greek philology and language

PA1000‑1179 Medieval and modern Greek language

PA2001‑2915 Latin philology and language

PA3000‑3049 Classical literature

PA3050‑4505 Greek literature

PA3051‑3285 Literary history

PA3300‑3516 Collections

PA3520‑3564 Criticism, interpretation, etc.

PA3601‑3681 Translations

PA3818‑4505 Individual authors

Including:

PA3825‑3849 Aeschylus

PA3851‑3858 Aesop

PA3890‑3926 Aristotle

PA3949‑3964 Demosthenes

PA3973‑3992 Euripedes

PA4018‑4209 Homer

PA4279‑4333 Plato

PA4367‑4389 Plutarch

PA4413‑4434 Sophocles

 

PA4452‑4486 Thucydides

PA4494‑4499 Xenophon

PA5000‑5660 Byzantine and modern Greek literature

PA5301‑5638.36 Individual authors

PA6000‑6971 Roman literature

PA6001‑6097 Literary history

PA6100‑6140 Collections

PA6141‑6144 Criticism, interpretation, etc.

PA6155‑6191 Translations

PA6202‑6971 Individual authors

Including:

PA6235‑6269 Caesar, Julius

PA6278‑6370 Cicero, Marcus Tullius

PA6393‑6444 Horace

PA6482‑6496 Lucretius Carus, Titus

PA6501‑6510 Martial

PA6519‑6553 Ovid

PA6568‑6609 Plautus, Titus Maccius

PA6611‑6637 Pliny, the Elder

PA6661‑6693 Seneca, Lucius Annaeus

PA6705‑6753 Tacitus, Cornelius

PA6755‑6785 Terentius Apher, Publius (Terence)

PA6801‑6961 Vergilius Maro, Publius (Virgil)

PA8001‑8595 Medieval and modern Latin literature

PA8200‑8595 Individual authors

 

Subclass PB

 

PB1-3029 Modern languages. Celtic languages

PB1-431 Modern languages

PB1001-3029 Celtic languages and literature

PB1101-1200 Goidelic. Gaelic

PB1201-1449 Irish

PB1501-1709 Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic, Erse)

PB1801-1867 Manx

PB1950 Pict

PB2001-3029 Brittanic group

PB2101-2499 Welsh. Cymric

PB2501-2621 Cornish

PB2801-2932 Breton. Armorican

PB3001-3029 Gaulish

 

Subclass PC

 

PC1-5498 Romance

PC1-400 General

PC601-872 Romanian

PC901-986 Raeto-Romance

Including Romansh

PC1001-1977 Italian

PC1981-1984 Sardinian

PC2001-3761 French

PC2700-(3708) Dialects. Provincialisms

 

PC2813-(2898) Old French

PC3201-3366 Provencal (Old)

PC3371-3420.5 Modern patois of South France

PC3420.8-3495 Langue d’oc dialects

PC3721-3761 Slang. Argot

PC3801-3976 Catalan

PC4001-4977 Spanish

PC5001-5498 Portuguese

 

Subclass PD

 

PD1-(7159) Germanic

PD1-780 General

PD1001-1350 Old Germanic dialects

PD1101-1211 Gothic

PD1501-(7159) North Germanic. Scandinavian

PD2201-2393 Old Norse. Old Icelandic and Old

Norwegian

PD2401-2446 Modern Icelandic

PD(2501)-2999 Norwegian

PD3001-3929 Danish

PD5001-5929 Swedish

PD(6000)-(7159) Scandinavian dialects, Modern

 

Subclass PE

 

PE1-3729 English

PE101-(458) Anglo-Saxon. Old English

PE501-(693) Middle English

PE(814)-896 Early Modern English

PE1001-1693 Modern English

PE1700-3602 Dialects. Provincialisms, etc.

PE3701-3729 Slang. Argot, etc.

 

Subclass PF

 

PF1-5999 West Germanic

PF1-979 Dutch

PF1001-1184 Flemish

PF1401-1541 Friesian

PF3001-5999 German

PF3801-3991 Old High German

PF3992-4010 Old Saxon

PF4043-(4350) Middle High German

PF(4501)-(4596) Early Modern German

PF5000-5951 Dialects. Provincialism, etc.

PF5971-5999 Slang. Argot, etc.

 

Subclass PG

 

 

PG1-9665 Slavic. Baltic. Albanian

 

PG1-7925 Slavic

PG1-499 Slavic philology and languages (General)

PG500-585 Slavic literature (General)

PG601-716 Church Slavic

PG(771)-(799) Bulgarian Church Slavic

PG801-1146 Bulgarian

PG1151-1199 Macedonian

PG1201-1749 Serbo-Croatian

PG1801-1962 Slovenian

PG2001-2826 Russian language

PG2830-2847 Belarusian

PG2900-(3698) Russian literature

PG2900-3190 History and criticism

PG2900-2998 General

PG3001-3026 Special periods

PG3041-3065 Poetry

PG3071-3089 Drama

PG3091-3099 Prose

PG(3100)-(3155) Folk literature

Including texts

PG3199-3299 Collections

PG3199-3205 General

PG(3211)-3219 Translations

PG3223-3229.2 Special periods

PG3230-3238 Poetry

PG3240-3255 Drama

PG3260-3299 Prose

PG3300-3493.96 Individual authors and works

PG3300-3308 Early to 1700

PG3310-3319 18th century

PG3312 Derzhavin

PG3314 Karamzin

PG3316 Lomonosov

PG3318 Sumarokov

PG3320-3447 1800-1870

PG3325-3328 Dostoyevsky

PG3332-3335 Gogol’

PG3340-3359 Pushkin

PG3365-3417 Tolstoi

PG3420-3445 Turgenev

PG3450-3470 1870-1917

PG3452 Andreev

PG3455-3458 Chekhov

PG3462-3465 Gorky

PG3475-3476 1917-1960

PG3477-3490 1961-2000

PG3491.2-3493.96 2001-

PG3500-3505 Provincial, local, etc.

PG3515-3550 Outside the Russian Federation

PG(3651)-(3698) Special subjects

PG3801-3987 Ukrainian

PG3990 Carpatho-Rusyn

PG4001-5146 Czech

 

PG5201-5546 Slovak

PG5631-5689 Sorbian (Wendic)

PG6001-7446 Polish

PG7900-7925 Lechitic dialects

PG8001-9146 Baltic

PG8201-8208 Old Prussian

PG8501-8772 Lithuanian

PG8801-9146 Latvian

PG9501-9665 Albanian

 

Subclass PH

 

PH1-5490 Uralic. Basque

PH1-87 General

PH91-98.5 Finnic. Baltic-Finnic

PH101-405 Finnish

PH501-1109 Other Finnic languages and dialects

PH501-509 Karelian

PH521-529 Olonets

PH531-539 Ludic

PH541-549 Veps

PH551-559 Ingrian

PH561-569 Votic

PH581-589 Livonian

PH601-671 Estonian

PH701-735 Sami

PH751-785 Mordvin

PH801-836 Mari

PH1001-1079 Permic

PH1101-1109 Udmurt

PH1201-1409 Ugric languages

PH2001-3445 Hungarian

PH3801-3820 Samoyedic languages

PH5001-5490 Basque

 

Subclass PJ

 

PJ1-(9500) Oriental philology and literature

PJ1-489 General

PJ1-(195) Languages

PJ306-489 Literature

PJ601-989 Special groups

PJ601-621 Christian Oriental

PJ701-989 Islamic

PJ991-995 Afroasiatic languages

PJ1001-1989 Egyptology

PJ1091-1109 Egyptian writing and its decipherment

PJ1111-1446 Language

PJ1481-1989 Literature. Inscriptions

PJ2001-2199 Coptic

PJ2340-2399 Libyco-Berber languages. Berber languages

PJ2353-2367 Libyan group

PJ2369-2399 Berber languages

 

PJ2401-2594 Cushitic languages

PJ3001-3097 Semitic philology and literature

PJ3101-(3971) Assyriology. Akkadian

PJ3231-3595 Language

PJ3601-(3971) Literature. Inscriptions

PJ4001-(4091) Sumerian

PJ4101-4197 West and North Semitic languages

PJ4171-4197 Phoenician-Punic

PJ4501-5192 Hebrew

PJ4543-4937 Language (Biblical and modern)

PJ4951-4996 Medieval Hebrew

PJ5001-5060 Literature

PJ5050-5055.51 Individual authors and works

PJ5061-5192 Other languages used by Jews

PJ5111-5192 Yiddish

PJ5201-5329.5 Aramaic

PJ5211-5289 West Aramaic

PJ5211-5219.5 Biblical (Chaldaic)

PJ5229 Palmyrene inscriptions

PJ5239 Nabataean inscriptions

PJ5241-5249 Christian Palestinian

PJ5251-5259 Jewish Palestinian

PJ5271-5279 Samaritan

PJ5281-5289 Neo-Aramaic

PJ5301-5329.5 East Aramaic

PJ5321-5329.5 Mandaean

PJ5401-5809 Syriac

PJ5414-5495 Language

PJ5601-5695 Literature

PJ5701-5709 East Syriac (Nestorian)

PJ5711-5719 West Syriac (Jacobite)

PJ5801-5809 Neo-Syriac dialects (Modern Syriac)

PJ5901-5909 South Semitic languages

PJ6001-8517 Arabic

PJ6073-7144 Language

PJ6690-6697 Ancient Arabic

PJ6701-6901 Modern Arabic dialects

PJ6950-7144 South Arabian

PJ6950-6981 Ancient

PJ7051-7144 Modern

PJ7501-8517 Arabic literature

PJ7695.8-7976 Individual authors or works

PJ8991-9348 Ethiopian languages

PJ9001-9101 Ethiopic (Geez)

PJ9201-9269 Amharic

 

Subclass PK

 

PK1-(9601) Indo-Iranian philology and literature

PK1-85 General

PK101-2899 Indo-Aryan languages

PK101-185 General

PK(201)-379 Vedic

 

PK401-976 Sanskrit

PK1001-1095 Pali

PK1201-1409.5 Prakrit

PK1421-1429.5 Apabhraa

PK1471-1490 Middle Indo-Aryan dialects

PK1501-2899 Modern Indo-Aryan languages

PK1550-2899 Particular languages and dialects

PK1550-1569 Assamese

PK1651-(1799) Bengali

PK1801-1831.95 Bihari

PK1841-1870.95 Gujarati

PK1931-2212 Hindi, Urdu, Hindustani languages and

literatures

PK1931-1970 Hindi language

PK1971-1979.5 Urdu language

PK1981-2000 Hindustani language

PK2030-2142 Hindi, Hindustani literatures

PK2151-2212 Urdu literature

PK2261-2270.9 Lahnd

PK2351-2418 Marathi

PK2461-2479 Marwari

PK2561-2579.5 Oriya

PK2591-2610 Pahari

PK2631-2659 Panjabi

PK2701-2708.9 Rajasthani

PK2781-2790 Sindhi

PK2801-2891 Sinhalese (Singhalese)

PK2892-2892.95 Siraiki

PK2896-2899 Romani

PK(2901)-5471 Indo-Aryan literature

PK(2901)-2979 General

PK3591-4485 Sanskrit

PK3791-3799 Individual authors and works

PK(3801)-(4251) Special subjects

PK4471-4485 Translations

PK(4501)-4681 Pali literature

PK4990-5046 Prakrit literature

PK5401-5471 Modern Indo-Aryan literature

PK6001-6996 Iranian philology and literature

PK6001-6099 General

PK6101-(6119) Avestan

PK6121-6129 Old Persian

PK6135-6199.9 Middle Iranian languages

PK6141-6199.5 Pahlavi

PK6201-(6599.7) New Persian

PK6201-6399 Language

PK6400-(6599.7) Literature

PK6450.9-6562.35 Individual authors or works

PK6455-6460 Firdaws