Merdeka – Independence Struggle

1955-1956

An election in 1955 was won hands-down by the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) by running Malay candidates in Malay-dominated areas, Chinese candidates in Chinese areas and Indian candidates in Indian ones. UMNO, the MCA and the British hammered out a constitutional settlement for a principle of equal citizenship for all races. In exchange, the MCA agreed that Malaya's head of state would be drawn from the ranks of the Malay Sultans, that Malay would be the official language, and that Malay education and economic development would be promoted and subsidised. In effect this meant that Malaya would be run by the Malays, particularly since they continued to dominate the civil service, the army and the police, but that the Chinese and Indians would have proportionate representation in the Cabinet and the parliament, would run those states where they were the majority, and would have their economic position protected. The difficult issue of who would control the education system was deferred until after independence.

05-08-1957

On this day in 1957, the Federation of Malaya Independence Agreement was signed between the Malay Rulers and the representative of Her Majesty the Queen, the High Commissioner, Sir Donald MacGillivray at King’s House, Kuala Lumpur in a glorious ceremony.  At about 9.30 a.m., 15 primary signatories, namely the British High Commissioner to the Federation of Malaya, eight Malay Rulers, the Crown Prince of Johore and five appointed Heads from Negeri Sembilan (besides His Royal Highness) as well as witnesses to the signatories, had signed the agreement using a special pen inscribed Federation of Malaya Agreement 1957.  This agreement was signed in 40 copies, 20 in Malay and the remaining 20 in English.  Two copies of the agreement were sent to the British government while two more copies were kept by the Federation of Malaya government.  A copy each was sent to every state including Malacca and Penang, while Negeri Sembilan was handed six copies.  Article 3 of the Agreement stated that “beginning 31 August 1957, the Malay states and the Straits would form as one new Federation named the Federation of Malaya, or in Malay as Persekutuan Tanah Melayu”.  Hence, this agreement itself had abolished the Agreement of Federation of Malaya 1948 and, thus, ended the power and sovereignty of Her Majesty the Queen over Malacca and Penang.  And with that also, all the power and jurisdiction of Her Majesty over the Federation of Malaya ended.

Our Pride

The flag of Malaysia, also known as Jalur Gemilang in Malay ("Stripes of Glory"), is composed of a field of 14 alternating red and white stripes along the fly and a blue canton bearing a crescent and a 14-point star known as the Bintang Persekutuan (Federal Star). The 14 stripes, of equal width, represent the equal status in the federation of the 13 member states and the federal territories, while the 14 points of the star represent the unity between these entities. The crescent represents Islam, the country's state religion; the blue canton symbolizes the unity of the Malaysian people; the yellow of the star and crescent is the royal color of the Malay rulers

Negaraku (My Country) is the national anthem of Malaysia. It was selected as a national anthem at the time of the Federation of Malaya's independence from the UK in 1957. The tune was originally used as the regional anthem of Perak, which was adopted from a popular French melody titled "La Rosalie" composed by the lyricist Pierre-Jean de Béranger. Source

Negaraku,
Tanah tumpahnya darahku
Rakyat hidup
Bersatu dan maju
Rahmat Bahagia
Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita
Selamat bertakhta
Rahmat Bahagia
Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita
Selamat bertakhta

My motherland
The land where my blood has spilt
Where the people live
United and progressive
With God given
Blessings of happiness
May our King
Reign in peace
With God given
Blessings of happiness
May our King
Reign in peace

Whereas our country, MALAYSIA nurtures the ambitions of:

  • Achieving a more perfect unity amongst the whole of her society
  • Preserving a democratic way of life
  • Creating a just society where the prosperity of the country can be enjoyed together in a fair and equitable manner
  • Guaranteeing a liberal approach towards her rich and varied cultural traditions; and
  • Building a progressive society that will make use of science and modern technology.

We, Her People, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:

BELIEF IN GOD
LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
THE SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION
THE RULE OF LAW
COURTESY AND MORALITY

Merdeka Theme

Sayangi MalaysiaKu : Malaysia Bersih (Love Malaysia : Clean Malaysia)

Logo

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 mega diverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species. Source

The country is home to people of various national, ethnic and religious origins. Majority of the population, however, belong to several clearly defined ethnolinguistic groups within the country with their own distinct cultures and traditions: Malays, Orang Asli (aboriginal population), Malaysian Chinese (primarily Han Chinese), Malaysian Indians (primarily Tamils). Malays themselves are the source of the name Malaysia ("land of Malays") as they traditionally formed the majority during the British rule. The majority of the non-Malay and non-aboriginal population in modern Malaysia is made up of immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of Portuguese, Dutch and then significantly longer British colonization, different waves (or peaks) of immigration and settlement of non-aboriginal peoples took place over the course of nearly five centuries and continue today. Source

 

Themes

Check out the memorable logos and themes that have been created in conjunction with the Merdeka celebration since 1976. More

Merdeka Events

Don't miss out the Merdeka celebration at your local area, state or the big parade at National Merdeka level. Check the events date and hours! More

Celebration Gallery

Browse the selected colorful gallery of images  in conjunction with the Merdeka celebration around the nation. More

PSB Exhibition

Perpustakaan Sultanah Bahiyah UUM proudly present the Merdeka exhibition at the UUM Sintok Campus as a tribute to the celebration and historical moment. More

@2019 - The Merdeka webpages were design and produced by eLibrary Division, Perpustakaan Sultanah Bahiyah UUM

Share :