Merdeka – Hari Kemerdekaan Malaysia

62 Tahun dalam Momen

Sejak mencapai kemerdekaan dari Empayar British pada 31 Ogos 1957, Malaysia memacu pencapaian selama 62 tahun dan menjadikannya terkenal di dalam lipatan sejarah dunia. Kemajuan didalam pencapaian ekonomi, kematangan politik dan demokrasi, mengadaptasi teknologi maklumat, perhubungan sosial yang diversiti, pembangunan didalam modal insan dan sumber, dll menjadikan Malaysia sebagai salah sebuah permata terbaik di Asia malah peringkat dunia. Perpustakaan Sultanah Bahiyah UUM meraikan momen ini dengan menjejaki sejarah negara tercinta yang dikenali sebagai Malaysia!

Pembuktian mengenai pendudukan manusia moden di Malaysia bermula sejak 40,000 tahun dahulu sehingga bertapaknya Melaka sebagai sebuah pusat dagangan komersil terpenting di Asia.

Kuasa Barat menumpukan minat terhadap sumber galian di Tanah Melayu dan memulakan era penaklukan. Maka bermulalah sesi penjajahan panjang selama 446 tahun.

Penaklukan oleh pihak Jepun semasa Perang Dunia ke 2 dan peristiwa darurat akibat dari perang gerila oleh Parti Komunis Malaya membangkitkan semangat nasionalime.

Akibat bangkangan kuat dari bangsa Melayu, yang menentang penubuhan koloni baru yang dikenali sebagai Malayan Union membuka ruang kepada perjuangan kemerdekaan.

Hari kemerdekaan disambut pada tarikh 31hb Ogos 1957 apabila kebebasan mutlak Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dari kuasa empayar British diisytiharkan secara rasmi.

Ditubuhkan pada 16hb September 1963 dengan penyatuan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, Singapura dan wilayah Sabah dan Sarawak membentuk satu negara yang dikenali sebagai Malaysia.

Peristiwa berdarah rusuhan kaum pada Mei 13, 1969 menjadi pengajaran kepada penduduk berbilang kaum untuk mengakui kepentingan bersatu supaya dapat hidup dalam harmoni.

Malaysia telah berkembang dengan pesat berdasarkan kemajuan ekonomi yang stabil dan pembangunan infrastruktur yang pantas sejak ia mencapai kemerdekaan.

 

Bermula dan menyambung semula visi berwawasan dan progresif dengan menyuntik strategi baru supaya Malaysia terus mengekalkan kehebatan kemakmuran dan sebagai negara yang dihormati.

Kebanggaan Kami

The flag of Malaysia, also known as Jalur Gemilang in Malay ("Stripes of Glory"), is composed of a field of 14 alternating red and white stripes along the fly and a blue canton bearing a crescent and a 14-point star known as the Bintang Persekutuan (Federal Star). The 14 stripes, of equal width, represent the equal status in the federation of the 13 member states and the federal territories, while the 14 points of the star represent the unity between these entities. The crescent represents Islam, the country's state religion; the blue canton symbolizes the unity of the Malaysian people; the yellow of the star and crescent is the royal color of the Malay rulers

Negaraku (My Country) is the national anthem of Malaysia. It was selected as a national anthem at the time of the Federation of Malaya's independence from the UK in 1957. The tune was originally used as the regional anthem of Perak, which was adopted from a popular French melody titled "La Rosalie" composed by the lyricist Pierre-Jean de Béranger. Sumber

Negaraku,
Tanah tumpahnya darahku
Rakyat hidup
Bersatu dan maju
Rahmat Bahagia
Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita
Selamat bertakhta
Rahmat Bahagia
Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita
Selamat bertakhta

My motherland
The land where my blood has spilt
Where the people live
United and progressive
With God given
Blessings of happiness
May our King
Reign in peace
With God given
Blessings of happiness
May our King
Reign in peace

Whereas our country, MALAYSIA nurtures the ambitions of:

  • Achieving a more perfect unity amongst the whole of her society
  • Preserving a democratic way of life
  • Creating a just society where the prosperity of the country can be enjoyed together in a fair and equitable manner
  • Guaranteeing a liberal approach towards her rich and varied cultural traditions; dan
  • Building a progressive society that will make use of science and modern technology.

We, Her People, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:

BELIEF IN GOD
LOYALTY TO KING AND COUNTRY
THE SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION
THE RULE OF LAW
COURTESY AND MORALITY

Tema Merdeka

Sayangi MalaysiaKu : Malaysia Bersih (Love Malaysia : Clean Malaysia)

Logo

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 juta, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 mega diverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species. Sumber

The country is home to people of various national, ethnic and religious origins. Majority of the population, bagaimanapun, belong to several clearly defined ethnolinguistic groups within the country with their own distinct cultures and traditions: Malays, Orang Asli (aboriginal population), Malaysian Chinese (primarily Han Chinese), Malaysian Indians (primarily Tamils). Malays themselves are the source of the name Malaysia ("land of Malays") as they traditionally formed the majority during the British rule. The majority of the non-Malay and non-aboriginal population in modern Malaysia is made up of immigrants and their descendants. Following the initial period of Portuguese, Dutch and then significantly longer British colonization, different waves (or peaks) of immigration and settlement of non-aboriginal peoples took place over the course of nearly five centuries and continue today. Sumber

 

Tema

Semak logo dan tema sambutan bersempena dengan hari kemerdekaan sejak tahun 1976. Lagi

Aktiviti Merdeka

Jangan terlepas sambutan Kemerdekaan di kawasan anda, negeri atau perarakan utama di peringkat nasional. Semak tarikh dan masa aktiviti! Lagi

Galeri Sambutan

Lihat paparan pilihan galeri imej bersempena dengan sambutan Merdeka dari seluruh negara. Lagi

Pemeran PSB

Perpustakaan Sultanah Bahiyah UUM mengadakan pameran di Kampus UUM Sintok sebagai memperingati momen sambutan dan sejarah Merdeka. Lagi

@2019 - Halaman Merdeka telah direka bentuk dan dihasilkan oleh Bahagian ePerpustakaan, Perpustakaan Sultanah Bahiyah UUM

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