Referencing Style

What is Referencing?

Referencing is citing or acknowledging the sources of information (books, journals, web sites etc.) you have used in your assignment or writing. It is essential that all references have sufficient information so that the reader can locate the original source. It is necessary to include thorough and accurate information on all sources of quotes, research, images, opinions etc. (in fact everything that is not your own work) in the body of the text and in a reference list at the end of your work. In fact the reference list consists only of sources cited in the body of your assignment and is not the same as a bibliography.

Referencing Styles

There are many different referencing styles. You will need to check which style your Faculties or Schools requires you to use but mostly in UUM, APA style is the most effective and in used.

What are the Benefits?

  • Avoid plagiarism
  • Strengthening your academic argument and claims
  • Acknowledge others work for their contribution
  • Allowing your readers or lecturer to verify your information
  • Showing the breadth or coverage of your research
  • Showing the readers the sources of your information

Referencing Tools

If you're using APA Style for your work, you can use these tools or contents for guidance.

  • A series of videos on how to manage your reference or citation in APA style based on the content created by Crystal Rose, Public Services Librarian, Memorial University Libraries, in partnership with the university’s department of Distance Education, Learning & Teaching Support. Click Here!
  • A tutorial by the APA Style website which designed for those who have no previous knowledge of APA Style®. It shows users how to structure and format their work, recommends ways to reduce bias in language, identifies how to avoid charges of plagiarism, shows how to cite references in text, and provides selected reference examples. Click Here!
  • REDBOOK: Academic Writing and APA formatting guide will help you develop skills in writing research reports and essays and in following the formatting guidelines of the American Psychological Association (APA). It is useful for university students in the social sciences, including psychology, criminology, social work, and education, as well as allied health areas, such as public health and exercise science. Click Here!
  • A guide from Scribbr on APA Style referencing and citation plus you can generate your citation using their APA Style Citation Generator. Click Here!
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